US Geological Survey
Biological Resources Division
Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center
Canyonlands Field Station
2290 S. West Resource Blvd.
Moab, UT 84532

TO: Those in possession of the 1st edition, hard-cover copy of Biological Soil Crusts: Structure, Function, and Management, J. Belnap and O.L. Lange, editors (Berlin: Springer-Verlag)

FROM:            Jayne Belnap

DATE:             Sept. 15, 2002

Following is a list of corrections which will be incorporated into the 2nd edition (paper copy), available from Springer-Verlag sometime in the fall of 2002:

Chapter 1:

Page 3, 1st paragraph, last line: correct “mates” to “mats”

Page 21, 1st full paragraph, 3rd sentence from end: change to read “...which accumulates below the stones, and the stones protect them from solar radiation.”

Chapter 2:

Page 31, 1st paragraph, 8th line: 75-740 mm, 4-24EC

Page 32, Table 2.1: Legend: add ref: MacMahon 1987; amend entries as follows:

    Sonoran: 75-300 mm

    Mojave low: 45-200

    Mojave high: 200-610

    Chihuahuan: 200-425

Page 34: line 6: Colorado Plateau summer rainfall = 35-40%;

    line 7: Sonoran summer rainfall = 55%

Page 36, last line: Sonoran summer rainfall = 55%

Page 38, Mojave desert, 1st paragraph, 6th line, insert “at low elevations”: precipitation at low elevations is 45-200 mm

Page 39: Chihuahuan, 1st paragraph, 6th line: 200mm to 425 mm

Page 40: Colorado Plateau, 1st paragraph, 7th line, replace 35-55%” with 35-40%; 8th line, insert “plant”: most frequently encountered plant communities; 2ND paragraph, line 7: replace “5-10%” with “20%”

Page 41, last paragraph, 4th line: 130-490 mm

Page 42, 3rd paragraph, 2nd line, insert “acidic”: “in a few acidic soils”

Page 45, Sand Barrens, 1st line, delete “alkaline”; 5th line should read: “Ohio, algae and cyanobacteria in acidic soils were found to contain...”

Page 32 Table, Great Plains:  change 490-740 to 250-900

Page 34, line 8:  change 70% to 55%

Page 44:  Great Plains, 1st paragraph, line 10, should be 500-900 "mm", not "cm"

Chapter 15:

Page 179, bottom paragraph, 2nd sentence: insert “hyper” to read “In hyperarid regions, plant interspaces...”

Page 181, Table 15.1: in column headed “Region of Occurrence”, change first entry to read “Hyperarid habitats without soil freezing, e.g., hyperarid Australia, dunes in the Negev (partially fixed), or as a successional stage in temperate regions; physical and chemical encrustations may be involved (Photos 49, 50).  In second entry in the same column, change to read “Arid habitats without soil freezing, e.g., Australia...”

Page 181, top paragraph, 1st line: change sentence to read “...as a successional phase after disturbance.

Page 184, bottom paragraph, 1st sentence: remove “most” to read “...cyanobacteria are often the dominant species,”

Page 185, top paragraph, 3rd sentence: substitute “b” for “inset”

Page 185, top paragraph, next to last sentence: change as follows “...soil surface (Fig. 15.3c).”

Page 185, second paragraph, 1st sentence: change as follows “...sheath (Fig. 15.3d,e).

Page 185, second paragraph, 2nd sentence: change “...clearly seen in Fig. 15.3e.”

Chapter 19:

Page 243, top paragraph, next to last sentence: change to read “...of the previous 3 days when air temperatures were between...”

Page 244: substitute new Fig. 19.1 (see attached copy)

Page 254, 1st full paragraph, first full sentence: change to read “...and high temperatures, both of which can limit...”

Page 255, next to last sentence: change to read “...fluxes were very low.”

Page 256, bottom paragraph, last sentence: change to read “...volatilization losses from biological soil crusts, but amounts appear to be very low, and decoupled in time from N inputs.”

Page 245, line 11, change "-0.33  kPa" to  "-33 kPa"  and  "-1 kPa" to  "-100 kPa"

Chapter 21:

Page 285, bottom paragraph, third from last complete sentence: change to read “...surface moisture may influence seed germination...” (delete word “not”)

Page 286, top paragraph, last sentence: change to read “D. George et al. noted that the type of soil crust (cyanobacterial vs. lichen crust) influenced study results, as cyanobacterial crusts lost moisture more quickly than lichen-moss crusts.”

Chapter 25:

Page 340, 2nd paragraph, middle: change to read “When undisturbed, coarse-textured soils are inherently more erodible than fine-textured soils...”

Page 341, Fig. 25.1: on right side of graph figure, add word “Approximate to label so it reads “Approximate Naturally Occurring Maximum Wind Speed”

Page 342, Fig. 25.2, similar to above: add word “Approximate” to label on right side, to read “Approximate Naturally Occurring Maximum Ground Wind Speed” (make word “maximum” consistent with use in other tables)

Page 343, Fig. 25.3, similar to above: add word “Approximate” to label in upper right corner, so it reads “Approximate Naturally Occurring Maximum Ground Wind Speed”

Chapter 27:

Page 365, Fig. 27.2 legend: change to read  “...disturbance when dry than when wet, while crusts on clay soils...”

Subject Index: page 481: change "Bbunte" to "bunte".