Biological Soil Crust- References

It was not so easy to find information about Biological Soil Crust up until ten years ago when studies started to be done and taken seriously. They were scattered around the world but mostly done in Australia, Israel, and the United States. We have access to around 1600 studies about soil crust done in recent years, with many different views like spacial segregation, bio geomorphology, and biological crust and fauna.

Attached to this paper is a PDF  that summarizes all our current knowledge about soil crust and gardening. Its history, geographical range, how it varies based on location, the benefits it brings to the attached ecosystems, its roles in plant growth and germination and much more. It gives emphasis to the western United States as a studied area. Biological soil crust can be a great resource and this report highlights ways to manage and monitor it. 

An Adobe Acrobat Reader is needed to open and view the report. It is a free application that can be download as a program or a browser extension. Simply follow the instructions found on the Adobe System’s website and use them to install it on your computer. After you have it, click on the report file and Acrobat will automatically open it. 

We highly recommend you save this report to your files or hard-drive. If you have slow wi-fi or an older computer big files like this one can take a long time to download. You don’t want to go through that twice, so simply save the file and have easy access to it at any time you want. To do that, open the file, click on “save file as” and insert the destination you want this file to be saved. After that, you can view it with Acrobat as many times as necessary.